Occam’s Razor is a principle that can be attributed to 14th-century logician William of Ockham. The original principle in Latin can be translated as something that means entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.
According to the principle of Occam’s Razor, when someone is presented with competing hypothetical answers to a problem, they should select the answer that makes the fewest assumptions.
If you’re finding yourself confused, don’t worry. Occam’s Razor is the principle behind the idea that the simplest explanation is usually the right one.
There are two parts that make up Occam’s Razor:
– Plurality: Plurality should not be proposed as an explanation without necessity.
– Parsimony: There is no point in doing with more what can be done with fewer.
Occam’s Razor can be applied to various fields and professions.
Doctors might use it to help determine the possible illness when seeing a patient with various symptoms. For instance, if you have a cough, shivering and a temperatura, instead of thinking you have some rare disease, a doctor is likely to conclude you have the flu.
Detectives often use Occam’s Razor to deduce who is the most likely suspect in criminal cases. Although it is not a foolproof system, it usually makes more sense to follow clear evidence, than to believe some complicated conspiracy is involved.
Occam is derived from Ockham, a small town in England where William was born. He lived there from about 1285 to 1349.
William was a philosopher and Franciscan monk. He took a vow of poverty, and it is this form of simplicity which is thought to have had a significant influence on his way of seeing the world.
However, we should know that the basis of Occam’s Razor had already been established by William’s time. He would present the principle in a way that could be understood easily.
Occam’s Razor seems to be compatible with the scientific method, partly because simpler theories are preferable to more complex ones, especially when it comes to testing. However, Occam’s Razor proves nothing, so it should be applied only as a guide. If faced with two possible explanations for the same thing, the simpler one is usually the correct one.
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